Prof Stargardt's research is in modern German history, understood within a European context. He started out as an intellectual and political historian of the late 19th and early 20th century, and since 1994 has turned increasingly to the history of children and childhood, and to the social and cultural history of Nazi Germany.
The Volk at war: What were Germans fighting for in the Second World War
The German War: A Nation Under Arms, 1939–45
And when did Germans first realise that they were fighting a genocidal war? Drawing on a wealth of first-hand testimony, The German War is the first foray for many decades into how the German people experienced the Second World War.
Wartime Occupation by Germany: Food and sex
The Cambridge History of the Second World War is an authoritative new account of the conflict that unfolded between 1939 and 1945. With contributions from a team of leading historians, the three volumes adopt a transnational approach to offer a comprehensive, global analysis of the military, political, sociological, economic and cultural aspects of the war. Volume 1 provides an operational perspective on the course of the war, examining strategies, military cultures and organisation and the key campaigns, whilst Volume 2 reviews the 'politics' of war, the global aspirations of the rival alliances, and the role of diplomacy. Volume 3 considers the war as an economic, social and cultural event, exploring how entire nations mobilized their economies and populations and dealt with the catastrophic losses that followed. The volumes conclude by considering the lasting impact of World War Two and the memory of war across different cultures of commemoration.
For Führer and Fatherland: The German war, 1939-1945
La dernière armée d’Hitler: adolescents allemands pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale
Objet de toutes les attentions des instances internationales et humanitaires, l’enfant-soldat est une figure incontournable dans la réflexion sur le phénomène guerrier actuel. À ce premier archétype est fréquemment associé un continent, l’Afrique. Le recours à des enfants raptés, exploités, abusés, drogués parfois, apparaît comme un sommet d'horreur et heurte les consciences. Bousculant les stéréotypes, ce livre remonte aux origines de la guerre moderne, en passant par les guerres mondiales, d’un continent à l’autre, pour livrer une analyse fouillée de la figure de l’enfant-soldat et de ses représentations. Le recours aux autres sciences humaines et sociales (sociologie, science politique, anthropologie) lui permet de s’émanciper d’une vision purement historique, afin de saisir la dimension contemporaine de ce phénomène dans toute sa complexité.
Hitler’s Last Army: German teenagers in the Second World War
Beyond 'consent' or 'terror': Wartime crises in Nazi Germany
Nicholas Stargardt addresses the question of the remarkable resilience of the German state and society during the Second World War. Like Italy, German cities were subjected to massive Allied air raids from 1942 onwards, but there was no German equivalent to the strike-wave that swept northern and central Italy in the spring of 1943, and it is this comparison which is the starting point for Nicholas Stargardt’s analysis of how German society coped with the crises of this period. He argues that it was that society’s capacity to recover from crises which made it possible for the regime to go on fighting the war till the end. He proposes that the dynamic quality of these crises takes us beyond the conventional explanations of state-society in terms of coercion and consent, and into an exploration of the transformation of subjectivities and social values, in particular the moral and psychological power of fear and hope.
Clausewitz’s Final Posting
This article explores how historians, at least since the late 1980s, have subjected the experience of children to more searching analysis, without making their fate any less shocking. Nazism had a special interest in children, both in shaping the next generation of German children and in eliminating the offspring of Jews, Sinti, Roma, and other so-called degenerates. At every stage of persecution, children were targeted in specific ways, from ‘Jew benches’ in schools, through the medical killing of children in psychiatric asylums, to selection in the death camps. Children, however, were anything but passive victims. New research has revealed much about their experience of ghettoization, in particular their adeptness at smuggling, hiding, and adopting new identities, languages, and religious beliefs.
The Troubled Patriot: German Innerlichkeit in World War II