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Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition

13 February 1633

During the 17th century, Galileo Galilei studied, amongst other topics, astronomy. Copernicus had already raised the idea that the Earth rotated around the sun, rather than the view of the time that the Earth was the centre of the universe. Through his studies, Galileo believed that he had proved this theory to be true and began to discuss and publish his findings throughout the Christian World.

He found that he was vehemently challenged by the Catholic Church for his work. Religious leaders firmly believed in a geocentric view, that Earth was the centre of the universe. They supported this with Biblical references such as Psalm 104:5 which says, "the Lord set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved." Galileo’s beliefs were therefore considered heretical as they challenged this belief.

Galileo was called to appear before the Inquisition in Rome to answer the charge of heresy.

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