I am a historian of modern China and its interactions with the world. My research has focused on the history of the Second World War in East Asia and of imperialism(s) in China, but I am also interested in histories of Chinese migration and of the Portuguese community in China, as well as in Sinophone cinema. My research explores overlooked global encounters and connections whose ambiguities and complexities challenge conventional narratives of neutrality, collaboration, and imperialism.
I hold a DPhil in History from St Antony’s College, Oxford, and two MA degrees (in Chinese Studies and in Historical Research Methods) from SOAS, University of London. I was a Departmental Lecturer in Modern East Asian History at the Faculty of History and Merton College from 2017 to 2019. I am one of the founding convenors of the International History of East Asia Seminar, which is held at the Oxford China Centre since 2016. I joined the interdisciplinary research network Colonial Ports and Global History at TORCH in 2019.
I am writing a monograph on neutrality, collaboration, and global encounters in the South China enclave of Macau during the Second World War in East Asia (1937-1945) and the immediate post-war period. Macau, the first and last European colonial settlement in China, was the only foreign-administered territory to remain unoccupied by Japan throughout the war. Through a variety of previously unused multilingual sources collected in various countries I explore Chinese wartime diplomacy, uses and abuses of neutrality, and experiences of transnational collaboration.
I have published on the history of the Red Cross in Macau and on Portuguese Eurasian POWs in Hong Kong and Japan during the Second World War. I have also conducted research on the relocation of schools from China to Macau, on representations of World War Two in Chinese cinema, and I am currently starting a comparative study of Macau and Hong Kong’s responses to the wartime refugee crisis.
I currently teach:
Approaches to History
China since 1900
History and Historiography of Modern China
The Global Twentieth Century, 1930-2003
Imperial and Global History, 1750-1930
Disciplines of History
Entre Impérios: Prisioneiros Portugueses na Segunda Guerra Mundial na Ásia de Leste [In Between Empires: Portuguese Prisoners in the Second World War in East Asia]
Prisioneiros de Guerras: Experiências de Cativeiro no Século XX [Prisoners of Wars: Captivity Experiences in the 20th Century]
War, State-Building, and International Connections in Nationalist China
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Inter-imperial Humanitarianism: The Macau Delegation of the Portuguese Red Cross during the Second World War