- Political Culture and Identity (Northern Europe: British Isles and Scandinavia)
- Monarchy, Rulership, and Premodern Courts
- Early Modern State Formation
My research focus is mostly on sixteenth- and seventeenth century Northern Europe, i.e. the British Isles, Scandinavia, the Baltic region, Northern Germany, and the Netherlands, but it is also my understanding that the history of these centuries cannot be understood without considering the developments at least since ca. 1300. Therefore, my interests include late medieval political and cultural history, and especially long-term influences to these political communities. Aside from looking across periodical borders, I also enjoy crossing disciplinary borders. My curiosity for other disciplines, especially the literary studies, e.g., led to my research on the English Bill of Rights (1689), and the narratological analysis of this key document of the English constitution as well as an engagement in an academic network of historians and literary scholars.
In my dissertation, Depositions of monarchs in early modern Northern Europe, I examined eight case studies (Jane Grey, Charles I, James II/VII, Mary I, Christian II, John II, Eric XIV, and Sigismund), and I addressed how ideas and practices of authority (Herrschaft) were applied in times of crisis. By using methods from cultural history and history of political thought as well as comparative history, I illuminated the characteristic similarities and differences between deposition events, showing what was specific to Protestant Northern Europe, i.e. Britain and Scandinavia. My research demonstrates that the deposition of monarchs was essential in the early modern state-building processes, and places these events in the context of contemporary discussions on Herrschaft (authority, power, rule, government) rather than merely analysing them as singular events in the national context. The close look at depositions at a specific form of political conflict highlighted the role ideas of political consensus played in early modern societies, which, in times of crisis, also superseded religious ideas of divine right of monarchs. Thinking about and working on several aspects coming from this research originally keeps me still occupied: state formation, political thought regarding right of resistance, and rulership are still strong topics in my research, and several upcoming publications will discuss these topics.
Other projects during my time as doctoral student or afterwards included an edited volume on cultural transfer in which I discussed the topos of providence and its change from a religious to a political term, another edited volume on nineteenth- and twentieth-century monarchy and their interdependence with national(istic) ideas, as well as several book chapters and journal articles on political culture and depositions. Most recently, I edited a book on the Financial and Political Influence of Women at Premodern Royal Courts (forthcoming) which emphasized the surprisingly strong financial agency premodern women could have; and not just the queens!
http://csarti.net/ (personal website)