Border Contagion: Mediterranean transit migration to the Atlantic and the spread of controls c.1860-1914
Supervisor: John Darwin
My thesis looks at emigration from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in order to understand how 'border controls' developed across the region in an age of global mass labour migration, revolutionary technological changes to the transport industry and the establishment of new rules and practices regarding how to control 'free migration'. In particular, it examines how migrant transit in third countries and their transient stay in port cities shaped the way migration was policed. I follow the development of the clandestine trade alongisde the legal recruitment and transport of migrants by shipping companies and emigration agents in order to account for resistance by individuals, small entrepreneurs, large corporations and foreign powers to laws considered unfair or inconvenient, but also to understand the extent to which the laws and rules governing migration flows were in turn a reaction to the forces of globalisation.
I am also part of a research project on the Global History of Capitalism at Brasenose College, Oxford. It is run by Professors Chris McKenna and Rowena Olegario in collaboration with the Centre for Global History. It aims to foster academic interest in the history of capitalism by running events and contributing research on the topic, including a new textbook for undergraduates. I am also one of the conveners of the Transnational and Global History seminar, a graduate-led seminar series sponsored by the Sudbury Fund.