Professor Wendy Davies

  • The construction of early medieval charters
  • Early medieval rural communities
  • Early medieval Spain and Portugal
  • Early medieval gardens and gardening, especially Iberian

I have always been interested in early medieval charters, in how they came to be constructed and manipulated, in what happened when they were copied and in what they can contribute to our understanding of early medieval local societies. I have therefore spent time analysing charter collections from Wales, Brittany, Spain and Portugal. I am equally interested in the societies that produced them, especially when the texts have their origin in rural communities. Hence past work on the nature and functioning of village communities and on gift and sale and their social impacts. I also have a long-standing interest in the procedures and practices of judicial courts and their impact. My last monograph explored in detail the construction of texts about, and sometimes deriving from, northern Iberian court proceedings and addressed the central questions of ruler input, local participation in judgment, punishment and social control, differential treatment of the guilty and comparisons with practice and values elsewhere in western Europe. I am currently working on gardens and gardening in early medieval Iberia. I am particularly interested in these questions: the incidence and distribution of productive gardens and the range of plants grown; the importance of garden produce as a supplement to food intake; the social context of garden owners; the wider economic significance of increasing monastic interest in gardens from the mid-tenth century; and the spread of ornamental gardens beyond al-Andalus.

I have also always been involved in active collaborations with other scholars, often working across disciplines: I have convened the 'Bucknell' charter group since 1979 and have run interdisciplinary projects which explore the interaction between text and field evidence (hence, with James Graham-Campbell and others, The Inscriptions of Early Medieval Brittany (2000) and a long series of archaeological publications with Grenville Astill). Currently I am a member of an international group with a large archaeological component, organized from CSIC Madrid, working on the relationship between local societies and the wider world in the early middle ages and a member of another, text-centred, international group, based in Vienna, working on local identity and social cohesion in early medieval Europe.

Featured Publication
Windows on Justice in Northern Iberia, 800-1000

Windows on Justice in Northern Iberia, 800-1000, Abingdon: Routledge, 2016

Although it has a rich historiography, and from the late ninth century is rich in textual evidence, northern Iberia has barely featured in the great debates of early medieval European history of recent generations. Lying beyond the Frankish world, in a peninsula more than half controlled by Muslims, Spanish and Portuguese experience has seemed irrelevant to the Carolingian Empire and the political fragmentation (or realignment) that followed it. But Spain and Portugal shared the late Roman heritage which influenced much of western Europe in the early middle ages and by the tenth century records and practice in the Christian north still shared features with parts farther east. What is interesting, in the wider European context, is that some of the so-called characteristics of the Carolingian world – the public court, collective judgment – are as characteristic of the Iberian world. The suggestion that they disappeared in the Frankish world, to be replaced by 'private' mechanisms, has played a major role in debates about the changing nature of power in the central middle ages: what happened in judicial courts has been central to the grand narratives of Duby and successive historians, for they are a powerful lens into the very real issues of politics and power. Looking at the practice of judicial courts in Europe west of Frankia allows us to think again about the nature of the public; identifying all the records of that practice allows us to adjust the balance between monastic and lay activity. What these show is that peasants, like other lay people, used the courts to seek redress and gain advantages. Records were not entirely framed nor practice entirely dominated by ecclesiastical interests.


English Historical Review  133 (2018)

Early Medieval Europe 27:1 (2019)


I would like to hear from potential Masters students regarding Early Medieval Iberia




An Early Welsh Microcosm.   London:  Royal Historical Society, 1978.   208pp.


The Llandaff Charters.   Aberystwyth:  National Library of Wales, 1979.   xi + 206pp.


Wales in the Early Middle Ages.   Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1982.   xiv + 263pp.


(edited, with Paul Fouracre), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.   xii + 304pp. Paperback edition 1992.


Small Worlds.  The Village Community in Early Medieval Brittany.   London:  Duckworth, 1988.

xii + 228pp.


Patterns of Power in Early Wales.   Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1990.   xii + 103pp.


(with Grenville Astill), The East Brittany Survey: Fieldwork and Field Data. Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1994.  xiv + 293pp.


(edited, with Paul Fouracre), Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. xiv + 322pp. Paperback edition 2004.


(with Grenville Astill), A Breton Landscape. London: UCL Press, 1997. xix + 268pp. French edition, Dossiers du centre archéologique d'Alet, 2000.


(with James Graham-Campbell, Mark Handley, Paul Kershaw, John Koch, Gwenael Le Duc, Kris Lockyear), The Inscriptions of Early Medieval Brittany. Andover & Aberystwyth: Celtic Studies Publications Inc., 2000. xviii + 339pp (in English and in French).


(edited), Short Oxford History of the British Isles: From the Vikings to the Normans. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. xviii + 276pp.


(edited, with Guy Halsall and Andrew Reynolds), People and Space in the Middle Ages, 300-1300. Turnhout: Brepols, 2006. xv + 366pp.


Acts of giving. Individual, community, and church in tenth-century Christian Spain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. xvi + 236pp.

Welsh History in the Early Middle Ages: Texts and Societies. Farnham: Ashgate, Variorum Collected Studies Series, 2009. xiv + 346 pp.


Brittany in the Early Middle Ages: Texts and Societies. Farnham: Ashgate, Variorum Collected Studies Series, 2009. xvi + 340 pp.


(edited, with Paul Fouracre) The Languages of Gift. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. xv + 305 pp.


Windows on Justice in Northern Iberia, 800-1000. Abingdon: Routledge, 2016. xii + 291 pp.




'William Pengelly, F.R.S., 1812-1894', Studies in Speleology 1 (1964), 3-8.


'St. Mary's Worcester and the Liber Landavensis', J.Soc. Archivists 4 (1972), 459-85.


'Middle Anglia and the Middle Angles', Midland History 2 (1972), 18-20.


'Liber Landavensis:  construction and credibility', Eng. Hist. Rev. 88 (1973), 335-51.


'Unciae:  land measurement in the Liber Landavensis', Agric. Hist. Rev. 21 (1973), 111-21.


'Note on a transcript of the Life of Dubricius', Bull.Board of Celtic Studies 25 (1972-4), 126-8.


(with H. Vierck), 'The contexts of Tribal Hidage:  social aggregates and settlement patterns', Frühmittelalterliche Studien 8 (1974), 223-92.


'The consecration of bishops of Llandaff', Bull. Board of Celtic Studies 26 (1974-6), 53-73.


'Braint Teilo', Bull. Board of Celtic Studies 26 (1974-6), 123-37.


'Annals and the Origin of Mercia' in Mercian Studies, ed. A. Dornier, Leicester, 1977, 17-29.


'Land and power in early medieval Wales', Past & Present 81 (1978), 3-23.


'Die angelsächsischen Königreiche in England', `Die Bekehrung der Angelsachen zum Christentum' in Sachsen und Angelsachsen, ed. C. Ahrens, Hamburg, 1978, 85-104.


'Roman settlements and post-Roman estates in south-east Wales' in The End of Roman Britain, ed. J. Casey, BAR, 1979, 153-73.


'The orthography of personal names in the charters of the Liber Landavensis', Bull. Board of Celtic Studies 28 (1978-80), 553-7.


(with P. Wormald), The Celtic Church, Audio Learning Tape and booklet, London, 1980.


'Property rights and property claims in Welsh Vitae of the eleventh century' in Hagiographie, cultures et sociétés, IV-XII siècles, ed. E. Patlagean and P. Riché, Paris, 1981, 515-33.


'On the distribution of political power in Brittany in the mid-ninth century' in Charles the Bald:  court and kingdom, ed. M. Gibson and J. Nelson, with D. Ganz, BAR International Series 101, 1981, 87-107;  revised edition, Aldershot, 1990.


'La charte "celtique"', Bulletin Société Archéologique du Finistère 109 (1981), 195-207.


'The Latin charter tradition in early medieval Britain, Brittany and Ireland' in Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe, ed. D. Whitelock, R. McKitterick and D. Dumville, Cambridge, 1982, 258-80.


'Clerics as rulers:  some implications of the terminology of political authority in early medieval Ireland' in Latin and the Vernacular Languages in Early Medieval Britain, ed. N.P. Brooks, Leicester, 1982, 81-97.


'Celtic Archaeology:  an historian's view' in Twenty-Five Years of Medieval Archaeology, ed. D. Hinton, Sheffield, 1982, 67-73.


'Celtic Women in the Early Middle Ages' in Images of Women in Antiquity, ed. A. Cameron and A. Kuhrt, London, 1983, 145-66.


'Priests and rural communities in East Brittany in the ninth century', Études Celtiques 20 (1983), 177-97.


'Picts, Scots and Britons', Lecture 5 in The Making of Britain, Channel 4 TV, February 1984;  and The Making of Britain, ed. L. Smith, London, 1984, 63-76.


'Concluding remarks:  the archaeology of early medieval Wales Conference, Gregynog, 1983', Bull. Board of Celtic Studies 31 (1984), 325-9.


'Disputes, their conduct and their settlement in the village communities of East Brittany in the ninth century', History and Anthropology 1, pt 2 (1985), 289-312.


'Les chartes du cartulaire de Landévennec' in Landévennec et le monachisme breton dans le haut moyen âge, ed. Marc Simon (Actes du Colloque d'avril 1985), Landévennec, 1986, 85-95.


'Suretyship in the Cartulaire du Redon' in Lawyers and Laymen, ed. T. Charles-Edwards, M. Owen and D. Walters, Cardiff, 1986, 72-91.


'People and places in dispute in ninth-century Brittany' in The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe, ed. W. Davies and P. Fouracre, Cambridge, 1986, 65-84.


'Forgery in the Cartulaire du Redon' in Fälschungen im Mittelalter.  Internationaler Kongress der MGH München 15-18 September 1986, Munich, 6 vols., 1988, vol. 4, 265-74.


'The place of healing in early Irish society' in Sages, Saints and Storytellers:  Celtic Studies in Honour of James Carney, ed. D. Ó Corráin, L. Breatnach and K. McCone, Maynooth, 1989, 43-55.


'Field survey and the problem of surface scatters of building material:  some east Breton evidence' in La Bretagne et L'Europe Préhistoriques.  Mémoires en Hommage à Pierre-Roland Giot, Revue Archéologique de l'Ouest, Supp. no. 2, 1990, 321-32.


'The composition of the Redon cartulary', Francia 17 (1990), 69-90.


'The myth of the Celtic Church' in The Early Church in Wales and the West, ed. N. Edwards and A. Lane, Oxford, Oxbow Monograph 16, 1992, 12-21.


'Celtic Kingships in the Early Middle Ages' in Kings and Kingship in Medieval Europe, ed. A. Duggan, London, 1993, 101-24.


'Surface Scatters of Building Stone:  Enhancing Field Survey Work', Oxford Journal of Archaeology 12 (1993), 337-53.


'Ecclesiastical Centres and Secular Society in the Brittonic World in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries' in Govan and its Early Medieval Sculpture, ed. A. Ritchie, Stroud, 1994, 92-101.


'Adding Insult to Injury: Power, Property and Immunities in Early Medieval Wales' in Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages, ed. P. Fouracre and W. Davies, Cambridge, 1995, 137-64.


(with Paul Fouracre), 'Conclusion: property and power in early medieval Europe' in Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages, ed. P. Fouracre and W. Davies, Cambridge, 1995, 246-72.


'Grups i territoris elementals en les societats precapitalistes (Groups and Territories: Working at Ground Level)' in Història Local i Societat, ed. M. Cerda, Proceedings of the Third Local History International Colloquium, València 1993, Taller d'Historia no. 6, Centre d'estudis d'historia local, València, 1995, 19-27.


'On servile status in the early middle ages' in Serfdom and Slavery. Studies in Legal Bondage, ed. M. L. Bush, London, 1996, 225-46.


'"Protected space" in Britain and Ireland in the middle ages' in Scotland in Dark Age Britain, ed. B. E. Crawford, St Andrews, 1996, 1-19.


'Anger and the Celtic Saint' in Anger's Past: The Social Uses of an Emotion in the Middle Ages, ed. B. H. Rosenwein, Cornell University Press, 1998, 191-202.


'Charter-writing and its uses in early medieval Celtic societies' in Literacy in Medieval Celtic Societies, ed. H. Pryce, Cambridge, 1998, 99-112.


'A note on ville name forms and settlement development in the Morbihan' in Mondes de l'Ouest et villes du monde. Mélanges en l'honneur d'André Chédeville, ed. C. Laurent, B. Merdrignac, D. Pichot, Rennes, 1998, 139-47.


'Whithorn and the World (The Sixth Whithorn Lecture, 1997)', Whithorn, 1998, 19pp.


'Intra-family transactions in south-eastern Brittany: the dossier from Redon', Mélanges de l'école française de Rome, 111 (1999), 881-94.


'Local participation and legal ritual in early medieval law courts' in The Moral World of the Law, ed. P. Coss, Cambridge, 2000, 48-61.


'La comunidad local en las sociedades célticas en la Alta Edad Media' in Comunidades locales y poderes feudales en la Edad Media, ed. I. Alvarez Borge, Logroño, 2001, 91-114.


'Thinking about the Welsh environment a thousand years ago' in Cymru a'r Cymry 2000. Wales and the Welsh 2000, ed. G. Jenkins, Aberystwyth, 2001, 1-18.


'Wynebwerth et enepuuert: l'entretien des épouses dans la Bretagne du IXe siècle' in Dots et douaires dans le haut moyen âge, ed. F. Bougard, L. Feller, R. Le Jan, Collections de l'école française de Rome 295 (2002), 407-28.


'Sale, price and valuation in Galicia and Castile-León in the tenth century', Early Medieval Europe, 11 (2002), 149-74.


'Introduction' and 'Conclusion' in Short Oxford History of the British Isles: From the Vikings to the Normans, Oxford, 2003, 1-8 and 233-41.


'Alfred's contemporaries: Irish, Welsh, Scots and Breton' in Alfred the Great, ed. T. Reuter, Aldershot, 2003, 323-37.


'Labour service in Brittonic areas' in Pour une anthropologie du prélèvement seigneurial dans les campagnes médiévales (XIe – XIVe siècles), ed. M. Bourin and P. Martínez Sopena, Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2004, 321-35.


‘Looking backwards to the early medieval past: Wales and England, a contrast in approaches’, Welsh History Review 22 (2004), 197-221.


'The Celtic Kingdoms' in The New Cambridge Medieval History, I, c.500-c.700, ed. P. Fouracre, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 232-62.


'Buying with masses: "donation" pro remedio animae in tenth-century Galicia and Castile-León' in Sauver son âme et se perpétuer. Transmission du patrimoine et mémoire au haut moyen âge, ed. F. Bougard, C. La Rocca, R. Le Jan, Collection de l'école française de Rome 351 (2005), 401-16.


'Introduction: community definition and community formation in the early middle ages – some questions' in People and Space in the Middle Ages, 300-1300, ed. W. Davies, G. Halsall, A. Reynolds, Turnhout: Brepols, 2006, 1-12. 


'Populations, territory and community membership: contrasts and conclusions' in People and Space in the Middle Ages, 300-1300, ed. W. Davies, G. Halsall, A. Reynolds, Turnhout: Brepols, 2006, 295-307.


‘Lordship and community: northern Spain on the eve of the year 1000’ in Rodney Hilton’s Middle Ages, ed. C. Dyer, P. Coss, C. Wickham, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 18-33.


'The early middle ages and Spanish identity' in Power and Identity in the Middle Ages, ed. H. Pryce and J. Watts, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, 68-84.


'Franks and Bretons. The impact of political climate and historiographical tradition on writing their ninth-century history' in Frankland: the Franks and the World of the Early Middle Ages, ed. P. Fouracre and D. Ganz, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008, 304-321.


'States and Non-States in the Celtic World' in Der Frühmittelalterliche Staat – europäische Perspektiven, ed. W. Pohl and V. Wieser, Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2009, 155-70.


'Economic change in early medieval Ireland: the case for growth', Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sull'alto medioevo 57 (2010), 111-33.


'Judges and judging. Truth and justice in northern Iberia on the eve of the millennium', Journal of Medieval History 36/3 (2010), 193-203.


'When gift is sale: reciprocities and commodities in tenth-century Christian Iberia' in The Languages of Gift, ed. W. Davies and P. Fouracre Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 217-37.


'Countergift in tenth-century northern Iberia', in Early Medieval Spain: a Symposium, ed. A. Deyermond and M. J. Ryan, Papers of the Medieval Hispanic Research Seminar 63, London: Queen Mary University of London, 2010, 79-96.


'Notions of wealth in the charters of ninth- and tenth-century Christian Iberia', in Les élites et la richesse au haut moyen âge, ed. J.-P. Devroey, L. Feller, R. Le Jan, Collection Haut Moyen Âge 10, Turnhout: Brepols, 

2010, 265-84.


'Where are the Parishes? Where are the Minsters? The Organization of the Spanish Church in the Tenth Century' in England and the Continent in the Tenth Century. Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876-1947), ed. D. Rollason, C. Leyser, H. Williams, Studies in the Early Middle Ages 37, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010, 379-97.

'On suretyship in tenth-century northern Iberia' in Scale and Scale Change: Western Europe in the First Millennium, ed. J. Escalona and A. Reynolds, The Medieval Countryside 6, Turnhout: Brepols, 2011, 133-52.


'Holding court: judicial presidency in Brittany, Wales and northern Iberia in the early middle ages' in Tome: Studies in Medieval Celtic History and Law in Honour of Thomas Charles-Edwards, ed. F. Edmonds and P. Russell, Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2011, 145-54.


'Settling disputes in early medieval Spain and Portugal: a contrast with Wales and Brittany?', in Wales and the Welsh in the Middle Ages, ed. R. A. Griffiths and P. R. Schofield, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2011, 89-107. 


Water mills and cattle standards; probing the economic comparison between Ireland and Spain in the early middle ages, H. M. Chadwick Memorial Lectures 21, Cambridge: Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, 2012, 1-28.


'Summary justice and seigneurial justice in northern Iberia on the eve of the millennium', Haskins Society Journal 22 (2010 [2012]), 43-58.


'Free peasants and large landowners in the West' in Autour de Yoshiki Morimoto. Les Structures agricoles en dehors du monde carolingien, formes et genèse, ed. J.-P. Devroey and A. Wilkin, Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire 90 (2012), 361-80.


'Treasure – a view from the south' in Early Medieval Art and Archaeology in the Northern World: Studies in Honour of James Graham-Campbell, ed. A. Reynolds and L. Webster, Leiden: Brill, 2013, 541-57.


'The incidence of princeps in the ninth- and tenth-century charters of northern Spain' in Le prince, son peuple et le bien commun, ed. J.-M. Picard, H. Oudart, J. Quaghebeur, Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2013, 217-32.


'Exchange charters in the kingdom of Asturias-León, 700-1000' in Tauschgeschäft und Tauschurkunde vom 8. bis zum 12. Jahrhundert/L'acte d'échange, du VIII au XII siècle, ed. I. Fees and Ph. Depreux, Archiv für Diplomatik special no. 13, 2013, 471-89.


'Local priests and the writing of charters in northern Iberia in the tenth century' in Chartes et cartulaires comme instruments de pouvoir. Espagne et Occident chrétien (VIIIe-XIIe siècles), ed. J. Escalona and H. Sirantoine, Toulouse: Presses Méridiennes de Toulouse/CSIC, 2013, 29-43.


'Monastic landscapes and society' in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity, ed. J. H. Arnold, Oxford: OUP, 2014, 132-47.


'Law and the learned in northern Iberia in the early middle ages: some comparative thoughts' in Clerics, kings and Vikings: essays on medieval Ireland in honour of Donnchadh Ó Corráin, ed. E. Purcell, P. MacCotter, J. Nyhan, J. Sheehan, Dublin: Four Courts Press,  Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2015, 45-54.


'Competition for control of churches in northern Iberia', in Compétition et sacré au haut Moyen Âge: entre médiation et exclusion, ed. Ph. Depreux, F. Bougard, R. Le Jan Turnhout, 2015, 125-38.


'Local priests in northern Iberia', in Men in the Middle. Local Priests in Early Medieval Europe, ed. S. Patzold and A. C. van Rhijn, Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016, 125-44.


With David Peterson, 'The management of land-use in Old Castile: the early strands of the Becerro Galicano of San Millán de la Cogolla' in Penser la paysannerie médiévale, un défi impossible?,  ed. A. Dierkens, N. Schroeder, A. Wilkin, Brussels, 2017, 47-68.


'Fides in Northern Iberia on the eve of millenium' in Confiance, bonne foi, fidélité. La notion de fides dans la vie des sociétés médiévales (VIe-XVe s.), ed. W. Falkowski and Y. Sassier, Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2018, 169-77.


'Boni homines in northern Iberia. A particularity that raises some general questions', in Italy and Early Medieval Europe: Papers for Chris Wickham, ed. R. Balzaretti, J. Barrow, P. Skinner, Oxford: OUP, 2018, 60-72.


'The language of justice in northern Iberia before ad 1000', in Power and Place in Later Roman and Early Medieval Europe, ed. A. Reynolds, J. Carroll, B. Yorke, forthcoming


'Regions and micro-regions of scribal practice', in (eds), Polity and Neighbourhood in Early Medieval Europe, ed. Stuart Brookes, Julio Escalona, Orri Vesteinsson, Turnhout, forthcoming


'Counts in ninth- and tenth-century Iberia', in Beyond the Reconquista: Constructing and Representing Social Power in Medieval Iberia, c.700-1300, ed. S. Barton and R. Portass, Leiden: Brill, forthcoming 


'Small worlds beyond empire: the contrast between eastern Brittany and northern Iberia', in Kleine Welten. Ländliche Gesellschaften im Karolingerreich, Vorträge und Forschungen, ed. T. Kohl, S. Patzold and B. Zeller, Vorträge and Forschungen, Konstanz, forthcoming


'Creating records of judicial disputes in northern Iberia before the year 1000' in ??? (Santiago conference November 2015), ed. Isabel Alfonso, José-Miguel Andrade, André Marques, Turnhout, forthcoming


'Social conflict and local community in northern Iberia' in Conflicts, Communities and Justice in Italy and Europe in the early Middle Ages, ed. G. Albertoni, I. Santos Salazar, M. Stoffella, Rome, forthcoming


Fieldwork Reports:


(with G. Astill), 'Un nouveau programme de recherche sur le terrain dans l'est de la Bretagne', Archéologie en Bretagne 35 (1982), 29-42.


(with G. Astill), 'Fieldwalking in East Brittany, 1982', Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 4 (1982), 19-31.


(with G. Astill), 'Recherche sur le terrain dans l'est de la Bretagne (EBS) 1983', Archéologie en Bretagne 39 (1983), 13-23.


(with G. Astill), 'Prospections Archéologiques dans l'est de la Bretagne' in La Prospection archéologique en Haute-Bretagne, Dossiers du Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet, no.G (1984), 251-60.


(with G. Astill), 'Prospection dans l'est de la Bretagne;  la campagne de mars-avril 1984', Dossiers du Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet 12 (1984), 49-59.


(with G. Astill), 'The East Brittany Survey:  Oust/Vilaine Watershed' in Archaeological Field Survey in Britain and Abroad, ed. S. Macready and F.H. Thompson, Society of Antiquaries of London, 1985, 101-9.


(with G. Astill), 'Prospections archéologiques dans l'est de la Bretagne;  mars-avril 1985', Dossiers du Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet 13 (1985), 85-98.


(with G. Astill), 'Prospections archéologiques dans l'est de la Bretagne;  mars-avril 1986', Dossiers du Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet 14 (1986), 111-20.


(with G. Astill), 'Prospections archéologiques dans l'est de la Bretagne;  septembre 1986 et Pâques 1987', Dossiers du Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet 15 (1987), 109-27.


(with G. Astill), 'Prospections archéologiques dans l'est de la Bretagne;  septembre 1988', Dossiers du Centre Régional Archéologique d'Alet 17 (1989), 41-63.


Review Articles:


'The Celtic Church', J.Religious Hist. 8 (1974-5), 406-11.


(with D. Tierney), 'Nouvelle Clio', Peritia 3 (1984), 559-66.