DPhil Research Topic: 'Health and Welfare of European Seamen: Colonial Indian Port Cities in the Long Nineteenth Century'
My doctoral thesis looked into the health and welfare of European seamen in the British naval and merchant fleet on board ships and in Indian port cities in the nineteenth century. It examined the sanitary regulations and maritime hygiene implemented by the British Empire to protect the health of their seamen. My thesis argued that seamen’s health in transit and in imperial port cities was instrumental in the development of tropical medicine and sanitary reform, which were an indispensable mechanism for empire-building. It examined the ideologies of colonial governance, the idea of public health, and the development of maritime hygiene. I am currently undertaking additional research to expand the scope of this study by looking at how merchant shipping companies provided healthcare to seamen alongside the State and the Church. My doctoral research was funded by the the Wellcome Trust-funded project: 'From Sail to Steam: Health, Medicine and the Victorian Navy'.