Andrea Ruddick gained her undergraduate degree at Pembroke College, Cambridge, before continuing her career there as a postgraduate. She then held a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship, based at the Faculty of History at Cambridge, during which she expanded her doctoral research on English national sentiment in the fourteenth century. This research resulted in a monograph, English Identity and Political Culture in the Fourteenth Century (Cambridge University Press, 2013), in the Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought series. Since the end of her BA PDF, she has worked at the Faculty of History at Cambridge as an Affiliated Lecturer and a Research Associate, and at the University of York as part of the AHRC-funded England’s Immigrants 1330-1550 project.
Andrea’s main research interests are in late medieval British political, ecclesiastical and cultural history, c. 1200-1500. She is particularly interested in the intersection between national, political and ethnic identities in England and the king of England’s wider dominions, and more broadly in medieval Europe. She draws on a wide range of sources in her research, from chronicles, poetry and sermon literature to official rhetoric in government documents. Other current research interests include the definition and reception of aliens in English society, the Council of Constance, medieval chronicles and history-writing, and the role of the English clergy in local political networks and the ways in which this reflected the broader intersection of religion and politics in late medieval society. She is currently working on a volume of sources in translation giving English perspectives on ethnicity, identity and politics in the late medieval British Isles.
Immigrants and Intermarriage in Late Medieval England
Resident Aliens in Later Medieval England
"Becoming English": Nationality, Terminology, and Changing Sides in the Late Middle Ages
Late medieval English chronicles contain several puzzling references to the idea of people
›becoming English‹ by changing allegiance, usually in the context of war. How does this fit in
with the predominantly ›racial‹ understanding of nationhood that permeated late-medieval
English literary texts and official rhetoric, based on well-established ideas about birth, blood
and heredity? These assumptions provided a powerfully persistent backdrop to late-medieval
English writers’ constructions of national identity and culture, which had an impact not only
in literary spheres but also on government rhetoric and policy. Was it possible for a person to
change nationality by changing sides? It is argued that these scattered references by certain
chroniclers to ›becoming‹ English, French or Scottish refer not to an actual change in nationality
as a legal and political status but act as a shorthand way of describing an anomalous
change of political allegiance. Such instances of changing sides went against the grain of the
political behaviour expected from a person born into a certain nationality but they did not
change that nationality, which was associated with blood and birth. The essay goes on to examine
the language of denization, by which foreigners were granted the legal rights and privileges
of a native-born English person. From a close examination of the range of Latin vocabulary
used in official documents, it is argued that even denization did not effect a change in
the perceived nationality of the recipient, but only allowed for them to be treated as if they
were English, in certain circumstances. Moreover, this new legal status did not automatically
remove the alien social and cultural identity of recipients in the eyes of local political society,
particularly at times of political tension such as the Glyn Dŵr revolt in Wales or outbreaks
of war with France. By teasing out the implications of these puzzling uses of language and
terminology, it is possible to refine and complicate our understanding of the intersection of
ideas about race, subject-hood, allegiance, and nationality in both the texts and the politics
of late medieval England.
The English 'nation' and the Plantagenet 'empire' at the Council of Constance
The Plantagenet empire, 1259-1453: Proceedings of 2014 Harlaxton Medieval Symposium, ed. P. Crooks, D. Green and M. Ormrod
Local politics and ecclesiastical patronage in gentry letters.
Political Society in Later Medieval England: A Festschrift for Christine Carpenter
English Identity and Political Culture in the Fourteenth Century
Positioning national identity as central to our understanding of late medieval society, culture, religion and politics, the book represents a significant contribution not only to the political history of late medieval England, but also to ...
Gascony and the Limits of British Isles History
Ireland and the English World in the Late Middle Ages
National Sentiment and Religious Vocabulary in Fourteenth-Century England
The Journal of Ecclesiastical History
<jats:p>This article examines the neglected role of religious ideas and vocabulary in expressions of English national sentiment in the fourteenth century, particularly in official rhetoric. Many official uses of religious language followed well-established literary conventions. However, documents requesting nationwide prayers during national crises suggest that the government encouraged the concept of a special relationship between God and England, modelled on Old Testament Israel, well before the Protestant Reformation. National misfortunes were explained as divine punishment for national sins, with England presented as a collective moral community. Parallels with Israel were then drawn out more explicitly in public preaching, bringing this interplay between religion and politics to a wider audience.</jats:p>
National and political identity in Anglo-Scottish relations, c. 1286-1377: A governmental perspective
England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives
Ethnic identity and political language in the King of England's dominions: a fourteenth-century perspective.